Broadcasting Regulation

Broadcasting Regulation

Since the mid 1990’s, MISA has been campaigning for greater broadcasting diversity in southern Africa to combat the domination of state broadcasters and the exclusion of other voices. We advocate for a three-tier system for broadcasting: public service, commercial and community, as outlined in the African Charter on Broadcasting .

Almost every country in the region, save for Zimbabwe, has private broadcasters. Some countries like Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho and Zimbabwe have initiated community radio initiatives while they wait for policy and legal reforms allowing community radio licenses.

MISA Zambia successfully held a two-day radio indaba on Monday and Tuesday, September 14 to 15, 2015, at the Cresta Golfview Hotel in Lusaka, attracting various radio (broadcast) stations from all over Zambia.

The indaba aimed to provide a platform for multi-stakeholder interaction on standards in the radio industry by looking at the current challenges in the fraternity and also providing possible solutions to those challenges.

Speaking at the official opening of the indaba, Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) Director General, Josephine Mapoma, said she was encouraged by such a gathering which would discuss topical issues concerning the sector as it is the fastest growing sector of the media.

She explained that since inception in 2013, the IBA had issued a total of 19 radio broadcasting licences bringing the number radio stations to 80.

The Director-General further said the authority had a duty to encourage Zambians to own and operate broadcasting stations and provide ethical guidelines for them to follow.

She added that the IBA was however facing some challenges as there had never been a regulator in the industry until two years ago but the authority had published ethical guidelines for the stations.

“The business in which you are involved, ladies and gentlemen, is a volatile one that cannot exist in a vacuum or without rules and regulations”, she said.

And speaking at the same event, MISA Zambia Chairperson, Hellen Mwale, noted that the contribution of radio to the country’s socio-economic development could not be over emphasized.

Mwale said the radio channels have been able to help citizens to access critical information through news and current affairs programmes.

She added that radio has not only created a platform for people to exercise freedom of expression but also a platform to interact with duty bearers and elected leaders.

She however bemoaned the challenges the radio industry was facing including sustainability challenges that make it hard for them to meet operational costs, train staff or maintain and replace equipment.

Mwale also mentioned that it is sometimes hard to operate because of the hostile environments such as threats and political interference at radio stations.

She further said MISA, together with other partners such as BBC Media Action, are working relentlessly towards improving the sustainability projects of radio so that it can continue to play its critical role in the development of the country.

The indaba comprised panel discussions on topics such as the future of radio in Zambia, ethics in the media and the challenges involved in ensuring financial sustainability for radio stations.

The participants also had the privilege of attending master classes on technical radio broadcast areas such as Radio Journalism, Music Scheduling, the DNA of great content and Social Media among others with experts from the Wits University.

The indaba was organised by MISA Zambia with support from the BBC Media Action and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA).

Community Broadcasting

Community media is operated in the community, for the community, about the community and by the community. It is independent, free from political or commercial interference and can therefore facilitate public platforms for debate and discussion and promote social agendas.

The reach of community media, particularly radio, means it provides information and a platform of expression to remote, grassroots communities that may not be represented in other media. The main challenges community radio and television faces in the region are lack of legislation, regulation and infrastructure to support the establishment and licensing of community media, and the inability to sustain themselves beyond donor seed money.

Public Service Broadcasting

Public service broadcasting is created, financed and controlled by the public, for the public. It is neither commercial nor state-owned, and is therefore free from political or commercial interference.

Public service broadcasting informs, educates and entertains. It is an essential part of a pluralistic, diverse broadcasting sector.

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Community Voices and Good Governance (CVGG)

MISA Zambia currently has a programme that aspires to support community radio due its unique ability to facilitate and promote democratic and accountable governance especially in rural communities where literacy levels are low. The use of local language by the community radios makes it easy for the community to access information on various governance issues while making it easy for them to express themselves.

Community media have the potential to promote participatory governance, development and social change which includes addressing gender inequality, addressing HIV and AIDS and the high poverty levels. However, community media are faced with a number of challenges that include archaic policy and media laws, poor governance, sustainability issues and interference by the state and non-state actors